Standards

Single Tails

London Shubunkin

London Shubunkin Origin The London Shubunkin was developed in England between World War I and World War II. It is the product of a common goldfish and a Japanese Shubunkin most probably. The fish no longer imported form the UK to the United States but is reproduced by crossing short tailed Shubunkin of various types.… Continue Reading →

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Hibuna

Hibuna (western common goldfish) Origin The colored common goldfish is documented in China in the Tsing Dynasty about 265 AD. For the next several centuries the basic fundamentals of colored goldfish and the evolution of numerous mutations were initially discovered and reproduced. Most of the Hibuna market is now in the world of feeder fish,… Continue Reading →

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Comet and Shubunkin

Comet & Shubunkin Origin The Comet and Shubunkin have been developed in Japan and the United States. The US version of the Shubunkin was developed in the 1870-1880 range. While the Japanese refers to bright red in color, in fact red is selected against in the Shubunkin. Both of the fish described here seem to… Continue Reading →

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Bristol Shubunkin

Bristol Shubunkin Origin The Bristol Shubunkin was developed in the United Kingdom. The ancestral fish are believed to be a combination of the Japanese Shubunkin and a black Moor or Demekin. Two variations are in existence today: the heart shaped tail, sometimes referred to as the “Classic Bristol” and the B shaped tail often called… Continue Reading →

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Short Double Tails

Wakin

Wakin Origin The Wakin was developed in Japan in the 18th century or before. I t appears to be a foundation fish for some other varieties in Japan. This is said to be the common goldfish of Japan. It is a somewhat popular pond fish in North America and is also a common inhabitant of… Continue Reading →

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Tosakin

Tosakin (Tosa) Origin This very difficult to groom top view fish was developed in Japan before 1868. The exact method of development is unclear, a cross between a Ryukin and a Osaka Ranchu or it is a direct mutation of a Ryukin. © Merlin Cunliffe 2016 Breed Development Raising this fish for show is most… Continue Reading →

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Ryukin

Ryukin Note: This standard may be used to judge the Tamasaba, the single-tailed version of the Ryukin. As a single-tailed fish, the Tamasaba is a longer form, with a more tapered body and longer peduncle that enables the fish to glide through the water. Breed Development The majestic Ryukin is a powerful fish that swims… Continue Reading →

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Pearlscale

Pearlscale Origin The Pearlscales continue to be very popular. One is more fantail in shape, one is much like an orange or ping pong ball in shape and the third is an Oranda / Crown Pearlscale (Hamanishiki). This unique scale type and modified chest size was developed in China. The recessive trait is in both… Continue Reading →

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Jikin

Jikin Breed Development The Jikin was developed in Japan. It is a considered a national treasurer. It is also called the Peacocktail. The fish is a natural fin mutation of the Wakin. The color selection for an all-white / silver fish with red lips, gill plates and fins make it extremely difficult to culture as… Continue Reading →

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Fantail

Fantail (Metallic and Calico, English, Japanese and American) Origin The Fantail is generally thought to be Japanese in origin. It is a cross between the Wakin and the Ryukin. In the 1940’s the English have promoted improvements to Fantails, making them stockier. In North America, a small group of people breed these hardy specimens. In… Continue Reading →

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Long Double Tails

Calico Veiltail

Veiltail – nacreous (calico) Origin Normal eyed Veiltails are generally thought of by most keepers as the dream fish. The extremely graceful fish are very rare in North America. At the present time there are three dominant types; Philadelphia, English lines and Asian imported hybrids. The Philadelphia Veiltail came to North America from Japan in… Continue Reading →

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Broadtail Telescope

Telescope- Broadtail Origin The telescope eye has an origin in Asia over 200 years ago. The protruding eyes are variable, but matched on individual fish. Initially Broadtail Moors were only black in color. Today multiple color varieties are common. English Broadtail Moors have been bred in North America for decades, Linnemeyer and Sims-Shonka lines dominate… Continue Reading →

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Telescope

Telescope – metallic / butterfly tail Origin The telescope eye mutation was clearly established by the late 18th century, as evidenced by numerous examples in the Billardon de Sauvigny paintings. Clearly, telescope-eyed fish originated in China, it is thought from the Ryukin. Following this, telescope goldfish were then exported to other countries, including Japan. Traditionally,… Continue Reading →

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Metallic Veiltail

Veiltail – metallic / normal eyed Origin Normal eyed Veiltails are generally thought of by most keepers are dream fish. The extremely graceful fish are very rare in North America. At the present time there are three dominant types; Philadelphia, and English lines and Asian imported hybrids. The Philadelphia Veiltail came to North America from… Continue Reading →

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Wen With Dorsal

Telescope Oranda

Telescope Oranda(Froghead) Origin The Telescope Oranda was developed in China most probably as a cross between a telescope and a Lionhead or as a Telescope to a Crucian carp. The literature is unsettled on this. The breed is a t least a 100 years old and still makes its ‘way into the local fish shops… Continue Reading →

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Red Cap Oranda

Oranda (Red Cap) Origin Fish with a head growth or wen were developed more than a century ago. It is probable that the Oranda came about by crossing Lionhead with fish with dorsal fins. Even today it is confusing if all Oranda’s started in Japan or China. Writing a standard that has several body types,… Continue Reading →

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Oranda

Oranda(metallic) Origin Fish with a head growth or wen were developed more than a century ago. It is probable that the Oranda came about by crossing Lionhead with fish with dorsal fins. Even today it is confusing if all Oranda’s started in Japan or China. Writing a standard that has several body types, and wen… Continue Reading →

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Azuma Nishiki

Azuma Nishiki Top View (Hon Azuma) Breed Development “Azuma Nishiki” (Japanese calico oranda) was first created by Katou Kinzou in 1931 in Yokohama, by crossing a calico telescope with an Oranda. This type is called the “Hon Azuma” (True Azuma. Original Azuma.) The show type “Hon Azuma” has a pale, sky blue/violet body, speckled with… Continue Reading →

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Dorsalless

Top View Ranchu

Ranchu (top view Ranchu, TVR or Japanese Ranchu) Origin Statement to judges and exhibitors: The Ranchu breed originated in Japan and is considered a top-view goldfish with metallic scales occurring only in red (or orange/yellow), red and white, or white and should be judged separately from all other Ranchu-like, or Ranchu derived fish including side… Continue Reading →

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Side View Ranchu

Ranchu Side View Ranchu (SVR, Buffalo Head, Boxer Head, Lionchu, Chinese or Thai Ranchu) Side View Ranchu, © Merlin Cunliffe 2016 History: The traditional Ranchu goldfish was developed in Japan and was bred to be viewed from the top, as they are typically kept in shallow ponds. However, with the advent of glass aquariums, some… Continue Reading →

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Edonishiki

Ranchu, Edonishiki and Calico Ranchu, Calico Ranchu, © Merlin Cunliffe 2016 History: The traditional Ranchu goldfish was developed in Japan and was bred to be viewed from the top, as they are typically kept in shallow ponds. However, with the advent of glass aquariums, some goldfish breeders and enthusiasts began selecting for Ranchu-like fish that… Continue Reading →

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Bubble Eye and Celestial

Bubble-eye and Celestial Origin Both of these fish have a similar mutation that forces the eyes upward. The Bubble-eye is further adorned with water filled bubbles that are the result of vesicular secretions. In North America the Celestial is fairly rare, while the Bubble-eye is fairly common. Both breeds originated in China, but is typically… Continue Reading →

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Blue Egg Phoenix

Blue Egg Phoenix Origin The Egg Fish is the most ancient of Chinese dorsal-less goldfish varieties. It is the ancestral root of virtually all other dorsal-less breeds. Due to its antiquity, it has served as a palette for skilled goldfish breeders, who have produced many unique fish and strains that combine features familiar from other… Continue Reading →

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Provisional

Standards are written to include new varieties and changes to the hobby. As the hobby becomes more global, we are destined to make changes every year or so. The provisional standards are new to North America. Fish Fashions in importing change radically new varieties get popular. The provisional rules prevent years of work from being lost to a new variety that is just a fad, but at the same time allows these new types to compete for the Provisional award.